Components of a Household Photo Voltaic Energy System.

February 21, 2012 by Lisa Bearsley  
Filed under Environment

A Residential solar power system consists of four components : photovoltaic panels, charging controller, battery pack and an inverter. The photovoltaic panels convert sun light into electrical energy. The electricity is sent in direction of the charging controller who keeps the battery pack fully charged, but not more than charged. The battery pack sends the electrical power towards the inverter who converts the DC voltage to household AC at 120 volts and 60 hertz.

Photovoltaic panel

The output of your photo voltaic panel is stated in watts. The wattage is stated is usually for peak solar various hrs. Considering that the amount of solar light varies through the course of your day, to level out the variations the peak sun a number of a long time has been adopted by most manufactures to assist installers and customer’s compare various photo voltaic panel models.

Suppose a photo voltaic panel is rated for 100 watts and an average of six peak sun various several hours is obtainable per day. Then the photograph voltaic panel would produce 100 watts * 6 peak various hours = 600 watt various several hours of electrical power or 0.6 kilo watt various a long time (KWh)

Charging controller

Charging controller or charge regulator controls the charging from the battery pack. It continually monitors the battery pack’s charge state. If the batteries are low, it will send electricity from your solar panels towards the batteries. It also prevents more than charging through the

battery pack.

Do not permit someone to convince you that a charging controller isn’t actually needed. Directly connecting the photovoltaic panels towards the battery pack can permanently damage the electric batteries and possibly trigger them to explode.

Battery pack

The battery pack’s purpose is always to store electrical electrical power generated by the photo voltaic panels all through the day after which at night or all through very cloudy days provide electric energy in direction of the inverter.

The battery pack normally consists of lead acid electrical batteries. Lead acid batteries are comparatively inexpensive and readily obtainable. There are lots of distinct kinds, sizes and capacities of batteries obtainable. Essentially the most well-known are gel cell and AGM deep cycle electrical batteries merely due to the fact they are maintenance free and last an incredible deal longer than wet cell lead acid electrical batteries.

Probably the most essential issue to bear in mind about the batteries is that the require to become deep cycle. Deep cycle batteries are created to turn into discharged then recharged hundreds if not thousands of times. A deep cycle battery is made to discharged to practically empty, but not totally and then be slowly recharged far more than time. A frequent mistake for residence owners is usually to believe that they can use automotive electric batteries instead of deep cycle batteries. Car batteries are shallow cycle electric batteries. They’re made to discharge an incredible deal of current rapidly soon after which be instantly recharged.


An inverter converts the DC electric electrical power stored in the battery pack into household 120V AC. Almost everything in your residence is powered by 120V electrical energy. Things like table lamps, freezer, lights, motors, dishwasher, and so on.

Now you have a fundamental understanding of photograph voltaic electrical power how it functions to electrical power your house. Now you have sufficient details about how photo voltaic vitality functions to determine if it’s a technology that you would wish to invest in for your house.

To find out much more thrilling information about solar power homes, please take a look at residential solar power.


What You Must Know Before Generating Photo Voltaic Electrical Power.

January 15, 2012 by Lisa Bearsley  
Filed under Computers

In the past 10 years, switching to house photo voltaic power has become more and more popular and cost-effective. Having said that, it can nevertheless be out of reach for your average home owner who’s money strapped, especially in this tough economic atmosphere. What’s a would-be energy conservationist on a price range supposed to do?

Currently, the federal government is offering upwards of $4,000, and ever a lot more, in tax credits in an effort to promote renewable electricity use inside house by means of the Vitality Improvement and Extension Act of 2008 (I’m no tax specialist so make positive to consult somebody who’s before applying for this credit) If this isn’t enough of an incentive to get you to make the change to household pv electrical energy, than I do not know what is.

You’d love to take advantage of this good tax credit deal, right? Who wouldn’t? Not only that, but perhaps your factors for switching to solar electrical power are nobler, and you are just looking to assist out the environment. Whatever your reasons, and as much as you need to create the switch, you simply do not have the money to install a property photovoltaic electrical energy process in the initial place.

Given that most top quality sun panel techniques can run in the thousands of bucks, it’s understandable that they can be out of attain to the common homeowner. What if there was a method to be able to assemble your own property pv power technique for a fraction of the cost, and it could be modular so you could scale it up to suit your needs, would you be interested?

You really CAN assemble your personal set of property solar power panels for around $200 apiece, and you can do it with parts it is possible to get at your local home improvement store. It is possible to even create as numerous of these units when you require to eliminate your electric bill for great.

Do you only want sufficient sun electricity to run everyday appliances like your TV, VCR, DVD player, pc, coffee maker, etc., or do you need ample solar panels to electrical power your entire property? The choice is yours, and it is possible to construct as many as you wish, until you happen to be fully away the grid.

Some thing else to take into account ahead of constructing your solar power panels are the three varieties of techniques.. The very first sort is often a grid-tied system. In this one, your solar power systems are tied into your present electrical power meter. This indicates that you simply will use electricity both from your solar panel systems as well as from electrical corporation. This is actually a excellent option to start off with if you happen to be not able to go totally away the grid, or if you are on a tight spending budget.

The second kind can be a grid-tied process with battery backup. Just because the name implies, it’s similar to the initially in that your solar panel systems are tied for the grid, but you also keep electricity within the batteries for emergencies. The excess is still sent back for the electric organizations through your meter. The final form is actually a stand-alone technique. This one also incorporates a battery backup for electricity storage. The distinction between this 1 along with the previous two is that you just are fully cut off from the electrical organizations. With this a single, you’re genuinely living away from the grid, and saving tons of money executing so.

You’ve the choice of what type of system you can create. You don’t even have to stick to one. When you develop into increasingly more comfortable building your individual solar power systems, it is possible to get towards the point where your home photo voltaic electrical energy process is fully stand-alone, and for a lot less then it would expense if you bought a commercial sun panel system.

Once you educate your self on providing your property with photo voltaic electrical energy, you are most likely ready to begin. You can do it together with the right method that permits you to save 1000′s of dollars by creating your own personal solar power panels. And, do not forget the great example you’ll be setting on your family and friends, as well as the pride you’ll feel, as you reduce you carbon footprint.

Don’t purchase commercial solar power systems that can cost you thousands of bucks. Instead, assemble your own personal, modular property photovoltaic electrical energy program at a fraction from the price tag. Create as quite a few solar panel systems as you would like. Live fully off the grid if you desire. The decision is yours.

To come across more exciting data regarding what are solar panels made of , please visit how does the sun produce energy and uncover much more facts about solar powered homes.